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At Sugar stocks we believe that it is our obligation to bring the vast knowledge and expertise that we have accumulated from around the globe to make great products and to help improve the socio-economic standings of all those that come into contacts with our company and our products. Whether it is our work in agriculture or our active care for the environment, you can rest assured that our honest clear and transparent ethics and code of conduct dictates the high quality of our produce and the great care we have for our shareholders. With leading technologies and great minds at our disposal we will be a driving force in the market place.
Sugarcane is one of the several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate tropical regions.Sugarcane belongs to the grass family (Poaceae), an economically important seed plant family that includes maize, wheat, rice, and sorghum and many forage crops.Sugarcane crop is sensitive to the climate, soil type, irrigation, fertilizers, insects, disease control, varieties, and the harvest period
A mature stalk is typically composed of 11–16% fiber, 12–16% soluble sugars, 2–3% non-sugars, and 63–73% water. Sugarcane crop is sensitive to the climate, soil type, irrigation, fertilizers, insects, disease control, varieties, and the harvest period. Average yield of cane stalk is 60–70 tons per hectare per year, however can vary between 30 and 180 tons per hectare depending on knowledge and crop management approach used in sugarcane cultivation.
The main product of sugarcane is sucrose, which accumulates in the stalk internodes. Sucrose, extracted and purified in specialized mill factories, is used as raw material in human food industries or is fermented to produce ethanol. Cane accounts for 80% of sugar produced. Sugarcane is the world's largest crop by production quantity.
Sugarcane needs strong sunlight, fertile soil and lots of water (at least 1.5 meters of rain each year or access to irrigation) to grow. After a few weeks new shoots grow from buds on the joints of the setts and break through the surface of the soil.
During harvest, the cane harvester drives along each row and cuts the cane stalk off at the bottom of the plant. The long stalk is then cut into many shorter lengths called ‘billets’ (around 30cm). Another machine known as a cane haul out drives alongside the harvester, collecting all the billets. Getting the cane to the mill once sugarcane has been harvested, it must be transported to a sugar mill as soon as possible. The longer it takes, the more sugarcane juice stored in the stalks will evaporate - so it is important that it arrives within 16 hours of being cut, to minimize deterioration. The cane haul out collects billets until its full, then drives across the paddock to the road, where it unloads its contents either into a semi-truck (for road transport) or mill bins at local sidings on the nearest railway track (for train transport).
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Through the ages, the seeds have been a source of food and oil. Sesame seed oil is still the main source of fat used in cooking in the Near and Far East. Sesame seeds are tiny, flat oval seeds with a nutty taste and a delicate, almost invisible crunch. They come in a host of different colors, depending upon the variety, including white, yellow, black and red.
Most of the wild species of the genus Sesamum are native to sub-saharan Africa Not only are sesame seeds a very good source of manganese and copper, but they are also a good source of calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus, vitamin B1, zinc and dietary fiber. In addition to these important nutrients, sesame seeds contain two unique substances: sesamin and sesamolin. Both of these substances belong to a group of special beneficial fibers called lignans, and have been shown to have a cholesterol-lowering effect in humans, and to prevent high blood pressure and increase vitamin E supplies in animals. Sesamin has also been found to protect the liver from oxidative damage.
- Dry fried sesame seeds ground to a thin light brown color paste known as tahini. Tahini is one of the main ingredient in famous middle-eastern dip, hummus.
- Dry fried seeds sprinkled over toasts, biscuits,breads, cakes, salads, stir fries etc.
- The seeds are largely used in the manufacture of margarine in Europe.
- The seeds used in many south-Indian sweet delicacies, often mixed with roasted peanuts, almonds and jaggery.
- Roasted and crushed nuts often sprinkled over salads,desserts, particularly sundaes and other ice cream based preparations.
- Gomashio is a Japan's specialty which uses ground sesame seeds.
- Sesame oil obtained from the seeds is one of the most sought after cooking oil in Malaysia, Indonesia and southern states of rural India.